FREEDOM- ARE YOU READY FOR THE FOURTH INDIAN INDEPENDENCE??
Freedom, suthanthiram, azadi and svatantrata are all beliefs. When this belief is believed firmly, the belief grows. when the belief grows stronger inside, it sows seeds and spreads. Soon it bursts out. It bursts out as a cause and it bursts out as a revolution.
Freedom can be from inner self, for an individual or for a whole community. When a whole country fights and seeks the sowed thought of freedom, it becomes priceless and is celebrated. We celebrate 68 years of ' Indian Independence' and are steeping into to 69th year.
Independence? freedom? Azadi? does these words mean really? Have we really reached Independence? Have we really felt the thought of freedom?
Well if mere overthrow of foreign rule is called Independence then India has sought and lost Independence 2 times before 1947.
India, as a country and by the name, came into existence from 1858. It was at this time the Queen of England became the direct ruler of the region held by 'East Indian Company'.
How do we see this land mass of India?
Do we really exist in one commonness?
Ever since the civilization has started, India, has been a land of diversity. The north and south always developed as two and existed as two. Different ruling powers existed and different dialects existed. The north owing to its easy accessibility and vulnerability in natural defences were exposed to series of invasions. The south being protected by sea was first in major influenced by the European invasions, and mainly by the 'English'.
Is seeking rule back from English called Independence? It may just mean we have overthrown someone in white and pink from power and handed over the same to someone who is brown and tan.
If the land mass that was ruled by mauryans were taken into account as India, which includes the current existing India, Afghanistan and Pakistan together. Then the outline of Indian history is as follows.
1. Persians attack and hold northwest India around 500 BC. This lead to Persian influence.
2. Around 320 BC alexander defeats Darius III of Achaemenid Empire and attacks India. Porus, king of Paurava was defeated in India and it leads to Greek influence in northwest India.
3. Mauryan empire defeated the left overs of Greek and Persians, both were then establishing their reign in northwest. The mauryans unified India, If so the establishment of Mauryan empire somewhere in 326 BC is the first Indian Independence.
4. From 1200 AD the north and northwest was invaded by the various raiders from west. It saw establishment of Delhi sultanate. Four of which were of Turk origins, the fifth and the last was of Afghani origin. Remember all these were simply foreign rules.
5. The sultanate was overthrown by Babur, a Mongol-Turk again a foreign ruler. And Babur established Mughal era. The Mughal united most of the India again.
The sultanate saw Persian influence in Hindustani dialect and the Mughals established Urdu and Hindi as major languages. Both were adopted from the dialects of Hindustani. Hindi became the official language in court of Mughal. All these again is foreign.
" These influences didn't reach the southern most India and so Islam and Hindi didn't strive in southern tip of India.'
6. As the foreign Mughals were slowly been accepted as Indians the Marathas overthrew them in 1674. This will be second Indian Independence.
As the Marathas were establishing in west and towards Deccan, the British who in form of east India company was establishing themselves in east, south and towards north.
7. The 'East Indian Company' had no intention of travelling till India. Even after reaching here, the company's intention was not to conquer India. It was mere trade which was their intentions. Madras, Calcutta and Bombay are mere trade posts which were strengthened and later developed into cities. Lack of existence of native power rose the need for the company to train its own troops for fighting local bands and competing French. The trading posts and the local army gained momentum, became rich and started a governance. Robert Clive, and battle of plassey gave them a province. The anglo-Mysore and Anglo-maratha wars gave them the whole of India.
8. From east Indian company the powers were transferred to direct British rule in 1858. This was when India as a whole came to existence. The British Indian empire was under the Queen of England and comprised modern day India, Burma and Pakistan. Although the British were thought to be plunderers of Indian wealth. Indian economy grew by one percent a year under them.
The British formed a way of governance, established common laws, reformed education, laid infrastructure and brought up industries. If not for the British the country would have never been unified and would have never achieved the modernization.
The British governed India and did what any government would do. They unified princely states, imposed taxes and helped the country to develop. But the system was biased, and why so?
Because the English held the major ranks and Indians were majorly sub-ordinates.
At this time the educated youth and experienced men came together and fought politically for overthrowing the foreign rule.
9. In 1947 due to lot of factors India over threw their foreign rule and established democracy.
So if overthrowing foreign rule is Independence. Then India had achieved and lost Independence twice before!!
Well, now, Is the long fought 'Third Indian independence' been utilised in the right way. It is doubtful. Why so?
Well, the constitution adopted by India was primarily of British and the flaws in it were never corrected. The regional differences could not be cleared by a common unifying factor and the religious differences were never erased.
Whether it is a foreign rule or the native kings rule, there is always three classes of people. The one, the able minded who would rule, the second the able minded and abled bodied who served and achieved a status and the last were mere survivors.
This system never became extinct even now. There is a class which strives and there is a class which thrives. If so, how can the 'Third Indian Independence' can be termed as complete?
As we celebrate the 69th year of overthrowing British rule, the country is still biased by religious beliefs. Caste has laid its roots deep in the soils. The foreign language English thrives and eradicates all native languages slowly. Hindi which is believed my many as the national language of India(According to constitution Hindi is not the only national language of India) is by itself a foreign rein's language. Hindi in turn has eradicated and slowly eradicating many local dialects.
With the land mass such as the subcontinent the effects of Hindi or English can be little undone. And these two establishes more commonness within the people. So, it is fair enough to accept the change.
But what about the caste and religion?
And see the ruling power. With the constitutional system being flawed there is been a repetition of power in the central and state legislative. Look at this, simply one family has existed in power of congress till now. And congress has ruled India for 49 years!! If you look at the state, it is no different here! The Dravidian alternatives have ruled Tamilnadu for over 30 years continuously.
Well does it not look like the Pandya and Chola been alternated in power?
Well then how it an be defined as democracy or a people's rule?
The people are offered choices to vote and elect, but are those choices been used wisely?
Basically because of the constitutional flaw and the flaw the Indians hold in their heart the real freedom and people rule is still hanging in ropes.
If the real meaning for Independence has to be sought, It is time to fight for our 'Fourth Indian Independence.'
The constitution has to be changed dramatically.
1. Adopting the American amendment and even going further, no prime minister, chief minister, members of parliament, members of legislative assembly and Rajya Sabha should be allowed more
than two full term services. This will cut off single leadership and will eliminate the kingship.
2. The cut off heads should not be allowed to be mentors of existing men in power nor should they boast themselves as the people's leader. A real people's leader should step down when necessary and shouldn't fight for power.
3. Minimum educational criteria should be devised for being a member of any assembly.
4. Parties funds have to exclusively monitored, and all those with fraud records should be disqualified in person or as the party as the whole.
5. The president should hold the ultimate power in India. And the presidential election should be conducted separately and should be elected by the people of India directly. The president should be a nominee of any particular party as well. The presidential nominations can be individually done or can be backed by chief justice.
To overthrow the rule of caste and religion
A new belief, a new commonness to thrive should be sowed and that commonness should be India. India should be worshipped and kids must be thought about Indianism. A new fanatic race united by the commonness 'India' should arise.
When this is achieved, the belief of country will be one. The rule of the country will be by the people. And then the country will achieve its real Independence.
Freedom is freedom of speech, of thought, of belief and from differences.
Freedom is equality, justice and commonness.
Freedom is a breath, and freedom is a true soul.
Fight for the 'fourth Indian Independence..!!'
Think your caste as your country and your religion as this whole world.
Fight for your caste and fight for your world.
Thereby achieve humanity.